Long-dormant bacteria and viruses, trapped in ice and permafrost for centuries, are reviving as Earth’s climate warms
Huge problem going unnoticed here, bacteria is slowly affecting Northern Siberia. Bacteria hidden in deep miles thick ice are being warmed up and are causing problems now and will hit Northern Europe and North Americas. Links, story and video below. One to keep an eye on.
Most people are familiar with the process of global warming that has been happening gradually to our planet for several years. But are you aware of everything this entails? It’s a lot more than warmer weather and some melting icebergs.
As the planet warms, bacteria and viruses that have been long dormant under thick layers of ice are waking up as the ice melts. This can lead to the release of diseases that can be harmful to humans. If that doesn’t sound terrifying, then keep reading for more details on what this could mean for the future of the human race.
Humans have lived side-by-side with bacteria and viruses for many years. For the past century, we have been in a bit of a stalemate in the battle against viruses.
Since the discovery of antibiotics, bacteria have slowly but gradually developed resistance against them, causing the battle to continue. But what happens when we are exposed to viruses that we haven’t seen for thousands of years (or never at all)?
As climate change continues to melt permafrost soil, ancient bacteria and viruses are being released into the environment.
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) migrating (Credit: Eric Baccega/naturepl.com)
Anthrax spores can survive for decades (Credit: Cultura RM/Alamy)
Bacteria have been found dormant in Antarctic ice (Credit: Colin Harris/Era Images/Alamy)
Mimivirus, an example of a giant virus (Credit: Science Photo Library/Alamy)
Scientists were baffled last July when they discovered three giant holes in the ground in the Yamal Peninsula in northern Siberia. Now, with the help of satellite imagery, researchers have located four additional craters–and they believe there may be dozens more in the region. That has them calling for an urgent investigation to protect residents living in the area. “I am sure that there are more craters on Yamal, we just need to search for them… I suppose there could be 20 to 30 craters more,” Prof. Vasily Bogoyavlensky, a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and deputy director of the Moscow-based Oil and Gas Research Institute, told The Siberian Times. “It is important not to scare people, but to understand that it is a very serious problem and we must research this.”
Researchers ventured deep inside one of the holes last November, collecting data in an effort to learn why the holes formed. The leading theory is that the holes were created by gas explosions triggered by underground heat or by rising air temperatures associated with climate change, the Siberian Times reported last December.
Since scientists can’t predict when or where gas explosions will occur, it’s dangerous to study them, according to Bogoyavlensky. But he said his team is planning to launch a new expedition, and to put stations in the area to detect earthquakes that might strike when the craters open up.
“We need to answer now the basic questions: what areas and under what conditions are the most dangerous?” he told the Siberian Times. “These questions are important for safe operation of the northern cities and infrastructure of oil and gas complexes.”
Experts in the U.S. echoed that sentiment. Dr. Carolyn Ruppel, a research geophysicist at the Woods Hole Field Center in Massachusetts and chief of the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project, told The Huffington Post in an email that she was not surprised that new holes had been found. Ruppel, who is not involved in the Siberian research effort, called for more research on the holes.
“The processes that are causing them to form likely occur over a wide area of the continuous permafrost in this part of Siberia,” she said in the email. “Scientists should definitely conduct more research on these features to determine the processes that cause their formation, how they evolve with time, and whether it is possible to predict where new ones will occur.”
Are Siberia’s mysterious craters caused by climate change? Scientists find four new enormous holes ViaTautotokoch1982on You Tube
We all take the blame here. Sure big companies filles our skies with dangerous chemicals, but we buy the end result. In our day to day life now we still don’t help, as a spieces we distroyed our World together and did it 100 years. Should we actually be at fault. Many think our Earth can handle all we do to her while others say we all did it. How can you help our environment? http://www.wikihow.com/Help-Save-the-Environment < is a start
As you see, we are all to blame
The data is in, and it’s official: 2014 was the hottest year in recorded history.
NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) made the joint announcement Friday morning, relying on two separate analyses of the data to arrive at this startling new extreme of the long-term rise in global temperatures.
Despite a relatively cool year in the eastern U.S. — anomalous to pretty much everywhere else — global temperatures as a whole were 1.26 degrees Fahrenheit over the 20th century average, the scientists said. Particularly significant is the fact that they got that high without a boost from an El Niño, the weather pattern that helped elevate the previous warmest-ever years to their record status.
And make no mistake: this was part of a long-term trend. Nine of the ten hottest years, with 1998 as an exception, have occurred in the 21st century. If you were born after 1976, to put it in even starker terms, you have no idea what a cooler-than-average year even feels like.
Here, via NOAA, is what Earth’s surface temperature looked like from January through December of 2014:
“The fact that NOAA rated 2014 as the warmest year on record should put to rest the bogus idea often espoused by climate change deniers that ‘global warming stopped in 1998,’” Jeff Masters, director of meteorology at Weather Underground, and Bob Henson, author “The Thinking Person’s Guide to Climate Change,” told the Washington Post. ”Based on the evidence, more than 97 percent of climate scientists have concluded that humans are primarily responsible for the warming of the planet to the record levels observed in 2014.”
This NASA video, which maps five-year global temperature averages from 1880, when record-keeping began, to the end of 2014, shows what that ongoing warming looks like:
NASA | 2014 Continues Long-Term Global Warming ViaNASA Goddard on You Tube
By@ShaunyGibson – Used to be @ ShaunyNewsVia links below. This is a real danger, happened before, will again, Methane would case an explosion 10,000 times greater than all our Worlds Nuclear weapon stockpiled together at once. There are so many things that could cause an E.L.E. it is untrue. Yellowstone Park erupting, Meteor’s crashing to Earth, many natural causes, this one is as bad as any, links and video below as always. Merhane trapped in North/South poles are becoming a problem
There’s something lurking deep under the frozen Arctic Ocean, and if it gets released, it could spell disaster for our planet. That something is methane. Methane is one of the strongest of the natural greenhouse gases, about 80 times more potent than CO2, and while it may not get as much attention as its cousin CO2, it certainly can do as much, if not more, damage to our planet. That’s because methane is a far more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide, and there are trillions of tons of it embedded in a kind of ice slurry called methane hydrate or methane clathrate crystals in the Arctic and in the seas around the continental shelves all around the world.
If enough of this methane is released quickly enough, it won’t just produce the same old global warming.
It could produce an extinction of species on a wide scale, an extinction that could even include the human race.
If there is a “ticking time bomb” on our planet that could lead to a global warming so rapid and sudden that we would have no way of dealing with it, it’s methane.
Right now, estimates suggest that there’s over 1,000 gigatons – that’s a thousand billion tons – of carbon in methane form trapped just under the Arctic ice. And if stays trapped under the ice, we might have a chance.
But, thanks to the global warming that’s already occurring, Arctic sea ice is melting at unprecedented rates.
The lack of sea ice cover in the Arctic that we’re seeing today wasn’t supposed to happen for 20+ more years according to 13 of the most accurate models. As all that sea ice melts, the Arctic ice which once reflected sunlight and prevented global warming, becomes a very blue ocean that absorbs heat and causes even more melting. And this all means that more and more methane is being released into the atmosphere much faster than expected, speeding up the process of global warming and climate change.
It’s all one big and vicious cycle, called a “positive feedback loop,” something that can spiral out of balance and control very quickly. But here’s where it gets really scary. Researchers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center have found that Arctic methane is leaking out from the ocean floor nearly twice as fast as was previously thought.
The researchers found that the East Siberian Arctic Shelf is releasing at least 17 million tons of methane into the atmosphere each year. Natalia Shakhova, one of the lead researchers on the study, said methane releases from the Arctic seafloor are, “now on par with the methane being released from the arctic tundra, which is considered to be one of the major sources of methane in the Northern Hemisphere.” To put this in perspective, just seven years ago, estimates suggested that only 500,000 tons of methane were being released into Earth’s atmosphere each year. Now we’re measuring 17 million tons of it. Just in the Arctic.
Now, we can’t directly stop Arctic sea ice from melting and releasing methane into the atmosphere, but we can help stop what’s contributing to that melting in the first place: fossil fuel extraction. Every day, the fossil fuel industry extracts more and more fossil fuels from the ground, releasing tons and tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Well if we ever wanted to know Religion causes War, this is exactly it. I bore myself saying it but the might of the Worlds powers refuse to let it go. Religion is going to kill us all. I know this is just for Climate Change but I ask, and I have been asking and showing for a while now. What will the USA NOT DO for Muslim Countries? This is just strange, and shows people like me accusing Obama being in the Muslim Brotherhood might have a point. Now I have Muslim/Islamic friends, this isn’t my point. America has given more money to Muslim counties than it has Israel, and that is all wrong when friends of mine are starving and going without a life. People who can eat out in the USA these days I know two people who can, the rest just cant. How does this make you feel America. I am angry. Mr Kerry says America has a religious duty. Some the articles I have done are below. AS ALWAYS LINKS BELOW!
Obama has been sacking Americans when bringing in Muslims
Wednesday at a ceremony to appoint Texas lawyer Shaarik Zafar to be special representative to Muslim communities, Secretary of State John Kerry said it was the United States’ Biblical “responsibility” to “confront climate change,” including to protect “vulnerable Muslim majority counties.”
Kerry said Scripture, in particular the Book of Genesis, make clear it is our “duty” to protect the planet and we should look at Muslim countries “with a sense of stewardship of earth,” adding, “That responsibility comes from God.”
We want to make sure that before you watch this video, you are sitting down. Please make sure you aren’t driving. You might laugh so hard you will cause a pile up on the high way. That or you could get extremely angry, you might break your phone/computer. Either way… this won’t end well. We also used to think that things this stupid, were only possibly said by Michelle Bachman. The mantle of stupidity has been passed down to yet another liberal. We give you… John Kerry… Quoting the bible.
We were warned and we did nothing, not me, not you. Some did. What have we left our Children? Snow in Saudi Arabia, Animals migrating at different times, death of marine life, Rain where there should be none, drought where there shouldn’t be. We are killing, sorry, we have killed ourselves because of our Consumerism lifestyles. Not today, but all our lives. What have we left for our Children’s kids? Video Below
SOTT Summary – January 2015: Extreme Weather, Earth Changes, and Fireballs ViaSott Mediaon You Tube
Flooding, droughts, heat waves and wildfires will pose a massive threat to humans in the future as climate change worsens, a major United Nations report has warned.
The report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said the impact of global warming was already being felt and would increase with every additional degree that temperatures rose.
The world is in “an era of man-made climate change” and has already seen impacts of global warming on every continent and across the oceans, the report said.
IPCC chair Rajendra Pachauri said: “Nobody on this planet is going to be untouched by the impacts of climate change.”
Experts are warning that in many cases, people are ill-prepared to cope with the risks of a changing climate.
The document, unveiled in Yokohama in Japan after a five-day meeting, gives the starkest warning yet by the IPCC of extreme consequences from climate change, and delves into greater detail than ever before into the impact at regional level.
The White House said it is taking the report as a call for action, with Secretary of State John Kerry saying: “Waiting is truly unaffordable. The costs of inaction are catastrophic.”
Food security will be hit by reduced yields in wheat, rice and maize crops, while climate change will also exacerbate existing health problems, and lead to more heatwave-related deaths, malnutrition and disease, the report said.
Increasing numbers of people are set to be displaced by extreme weather events, and the impacts of rising temperatures could contribute to a greater risk of violent conflicts by worsening problems such as poverty.
The report’s publication has renewed calls from scientists and campaigners for action to cut greenhouse gases and to help vulnerable people adapt to “already-unavoidable impacts of climate change”.
Vicente Barros, co-chair of the IPCC study, from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, said: “We live in an era of man-made climate change.
“In many cases, we are not prepared for the climate-related risks that we already face. Investments in better preparation can pay dividends both for the present and for the future.”
Princeton University professor Michael Oppenheimer, one of the main authors of the 32-volume report, warned: “We’re all sitting ducks.”
Professor Sam Fankhauser, of the London School of Economics, who is a contributing author to the report, said: “In the UK and the rest of northern Europe, we will need to cope with increasing risks from coastal and inland flooding, heatwaves and droughts.
“The UK and all rich countries must also provide significant support to help poor countries, which are particularly vulnerable, to cope with the impacts of climate change.”
The report is the second chapter of the fifth assessment by the IPCC, set up in 1988 to provide neutral, science-based guidance to governments.
The last overview, published in 2007, unleashed a wave of political action that strived but failed to forge a worldwide treaty on climate change in Copenhagen in 2009.
The latest report builds on previous IPCC forecasts that global temperatures will rise 0.3-4.8C (0.5-8.6F) this century, on top of roughly 0.7C since the Industrial Revolution.
Seas will rise by 26-82cm (10-32in) by 2100, it is predicted.